Forest Protection

Nine Base Camps are established to protect Teak plantations and valuable natural forests. Two Striking Forces (Rampachodavaram, Yeleswaram) are formed to assist the Range staff Sub Division wise. There are 14 forest check posts in the division. In addition to the regular staff one or two Protection Helpers making total staff 3 are provided in each check post. Working of check posts is not encouraging, they are to be monitored.

Forest Types

The forests in this division show considerable variation starting from the rich and well stocked forests in the agency area to various types of dry deciduous forests occurring on hills, hill ranges and all over the upland areas and denuded forests in the plains, which tend towards thorny scrub type. The East Godavari district bears with consistent variety of Soils and climate. This catchments bears a variety of Forests with different species and composition. Essentially all are tropical forests identified into various ecological formation. 56% of the total growing stock of Kakinada division extending over an area of 180497.245 ha is Mixed Forest.

Predominant species found in these Forests are Xylia xylocarpa, Teminalias, Pterocarpus marsupium, Adina cordifolia, Anogeissus latifolia, Lannea coromandalica etc. 9.75% of these forests spreading over an area of 31425.859 ha contain exploitable Bamboo forests. The predominant species of Bamboo occurring here are Dendrocalamus strictus, Dendrocalamus hamiltonii and Bambusa arundinacea. Bamboo occurs as nearly as a pure crop in 8631.93 ha out of the above area. In the remaining area it occurs as an under storey with top canopy comprising of Terminalias, Pterocarpus marsupium etc.

Forests over an area of 11957.88 ha which forms 2.34% of the forests of Kakinada division contain Tectona grandis,which does not occur naturally in the forests of Kakinada Division. All the growth of Tectona grandis available in Kakinada Division is through artificial regeneration. In fact the total area planted with Tectona grandis in Kakinada Division is 8837.20 ha An assessment of growing stock has been made using the Remote Sensing Technology; only well formed areas containing Tectona grandis have been sensed. The remaining area forms a part of mixed forests and mixed plantations.

An area of 14904.78 ha forming 4.64 % of the forests of Kakinada Division which lies in the estuarine region where River Godavari through its various rivulets joins the Bay of Bengal has Mangrove forests. The principal species occurring in these forests are Avicennia alba, Avicennia officinalis, Rhizophora sp.

In interior forest areas, particularly, in agency forest where the conditions are more favourable, natural regeneration does come up but due to annual fires they get destroyed and only a few that escape ultimately grow up. Natural Rosewood is gradually disappearing in the Natural Forests. Regeneration of Xylia is predominantly seen while that of Pterocarpus marsupium, Terminalia tomentosa, Terminalia arjuna, Anogissus latifolia and Mangifera indica are commonly met with.

Bamboo and Timber are the major forest products that are marketed in this Division. Bamboo extracted from natural forests and bamboo plantations in East Godavari district supplied to Burood societies or sold in public auction after transportation to Govt. Timber Depots.

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